When the first website was created, it brought a revolution which stormed the world of global communications. Suddenly the world became a smaller place. We have made fathomable distance look small. But how all of this happened?
Website is a byproduct of the recent innovation called the Internet. It became popular and is now constantly changing and updating with time and changing our lives. If there would be no websites; no applications and world would be much away from a click of a button! It’s hard to imagine life without the internet. According to the www.internetlivestats.com, 40% of the world’s population is on the internet which is approximately more than 3 billion users. We partially live in the world of web. Your life is made easy with a mere a click of a button. It is certainly, one of the biggest inventions of a mankind. But do you know why, how, when was the internet first invented?
The first website was created by a British computer scientist named Tim Berners-Lee 26 years ago in the year 1990. Tim was a researcher at CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research). The name of website is info.cern.ch and it still exists today. The first website went live using a NeXT computer in the research lab of CERN. CERN’s first computer was named after a Dutch mathematician named Wim Klien. Wim Klien was known for his ability to quickly solve complex mathematical problems and calculations in his mind.
Scientist and various academic institutes from all over the world were a part of the CERN project. It was important to share the information and transfer the data between the scientists and the academic institutes from around the world. It was impossible for them to wireless this information through telephone and telegram. Hence Tim, came up with a bright idea to transfer (upload) and receive (download) the information in no time. Thus, a platform was created as we know today called World Wide Web. In technical terms, the idea was to create a hypermedia to retrieve and send information from any part of the world. The first website created contained static documents and pages which could be accessed by a URL (web address) – http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html. Unlike its popularity which is seen today, the website was only accessed by defense organizations and academic institutions back then. Ironically in one of his interviews, Tim said it was frustrating for him to use the different computer to access the information on the World Wide Web despite being the inventor of the web. Tim Berners-Lee was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his pioneer work in the field of computer science.